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High levels of employment and job creation are crucial factors in ensuring that countries have strong economic development, and that people are happy and prosperous.
On the world stage, Europe is a pretty good place to be if you want a job, but within Europe, rates of employment vary massively from country to country.
That’s why salary comparison website Glassdoor has compiled a ranking of the best countries in Europe for getting a job as part of its Economic Research Report.
Using data provided by both Eurostat — the European Union’s data organisation — and the OECD, Glassdoor ranked several different employment variables, before weighting each one, and giving each country an overall rating, from 0.0 to 1.0.
The variables Glassdoor measured were:
- Change in employment levels since the financial crisis
- The harmonised unemployment rate
- The youth unemployment rate
- Temporary employment rate
- Youth temporary employment rate
- The number of people working part-time involuntarily.
Most of the countries on the list are high powered western European nations with strong economies, but a few of the states featured might be something of a surprise. Check out the ranking below.
16. SPAIN — Spain scored pretty poorly across the board, with an overall score of just 0.1. It didn’t get any points in the youth unemployment, temporary employment, and youth temporary employment categories. This probably isn’t too surprising considering the country’s well-documented unemployment crisis in the last few years.
15. GREECE — Another country where unemployment has been a massive problem in recent years, Greece scores far better than Spain in a couple of categories. It got an “average” score in both temporary unemployment indicators.
14. PORTUGAL — Portugal got an overall score of 0.4, but got below average scores in every category. It scored highest in the involuntary part-time work indicator, where it received 0.7.
13. ITALY — Italy has the third highest youth unemployment rate of any country surveyed, over 40%. This gave it the same overall score as Portugal, but Italy ranked higher thanks to obtaining a relatively good score in the change since the financial crisis indicator.
12. IRELAND — Only Spain and Greece scored worse than Ireland when it comes to the narrowing of the employment gap since the financial crisis. Employment rates in the country are almost 10% lower than they were at the end of 2007.
11. FRANCE — France ranks in the worst five of the countries surveyed for both youth unemployment, and temporary employment. More than 20% of youths in the country are unemployed, while around 15% of working people are in temporary employment, well above the OECD average of 11%.
10. NETHERLANDS — The Netherlands scored pretty well across the board, but its overall score was dragged down by a very low score in the temporary employment category. It scored just 0.1 in this indicator, and around 22% of those in the workforce are only temporarily employed.
9. FINLAND — Finns scored higher than average in three of Glassdoor’s indicators, getting the green light in involuntary part-time work, youth, and harmonised unemployment statistics. However, it came well below the OECD average in terms of the change in the employment gap. Since 2007, 4% fewer people in the country are employed.
8. BELGIUM — Belgium is a pretty great country to find a job. It scored higher than average in all but one of Glassdoor’s indicators. It also beat OECD averages for both the change in the number of people employed, and the number in temporary employment.
7. SWITZERLAND — Switzerland ranks in the top three countries for three separate Glassdoor indicators, but still can’t crack the top five on this list. The alpine nation got top marks for both the youth, and harmonised unemployment rates, as well as hitting a score of 0.8 for the change in its employment rate since 2007.
6. GERMANY — The German economy has seen a better rebound in the number of jobs since the financial crisis than any other country surveyed, according to Glassdoor. 2.8% more people are now in work than in Q4 of 2007. It also scored in the top three countries for harmonised unemployment rate, and the youth unemployment rate.
4. AUSTRIA — Much of Austria’s high rank is thanks to it being one of only three countries surveyed to have more people in employment than prior to the financial crisis, although this number has risen by less than 1%.
3. UNITED KINGDOM — Britain ranks in the top three for both unemployment indicators surveyed, and receives an overall score of 0.8, putting it into the top three best countries in Europe to get a job. However, it is below average for the number of people working part time involuntarily.
2. NORWAY — Norway got an overall rank of 0.9 for the survey, tied with the top ranking nation, and ranked in the top three for four of six indicators. The country — which has been voted the world’s most prosperous by think tank, the Legatum Institute every year since 2009 — would be Europe’s best country to find employment if it didn’t have a relatively poor score, 0.6, for the change in its overall employment rate since 2007.
1. ESTONIA — It’s official (according to Glassdoor at least), Estonia is the best country in Europe to get a job. The tiny Baltic state, home to just 1.3 million people, got perfect scores for three indicators — temporary employment, temporary youth employment, and involuntary part-time work. Fewer than 3% of those in work in the country are in temporary employment, the best of any European country.
This story was originally published by Glassdoor.